BOOT CAMP 141
SYSTEM POLICIES part 2
In last week’s introduction to the Windows System Policy
Editor or ‘Poledit’ we showed how this powerful security program might be used
to control access and stop people mucking around with your computer. This week
we’ll look at how to use some of Poledit’s most useful features.
Since Poledit makes changes to your PCs Registry files it’s a
very good idea to carry out a backup before you do anything else. Go to Run on
the Start menu and type ‘regedit’ to open the Registry editor program. On the
Registry menu select Export Registry file, select a name (‘regbak’ is customary)
and a location and click OK. If after using Poledit you get any error messages
relating to the Registry simply double click on your Regbak.reg file and it will
automatically re-install your backup.
The Windows 95 and 98 versions of Poledit are slightly
different but both of them are on the CD-ROM installation discs. On the Windows
95 disc it can be found in D:\Admin\Apptools\Poledit; for Windows 98 the
location is D:\Tools\Reskit\Netadmin\Poledit (where D: is the drive letter of
your CD-ROM). Poledit wasn’t included with Windows 95 on floppy discs, but it
can be downloaded from the Microsoft web site at: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/search.asp,
the file is called Policy.exe.
As we mentioned last week it is possible to put a copy of
Poledit on your computer but that will mean anyone with devious intent will be
able to undo any changes you make, or worse still, impose restrictions of their
own! Normally all changes made using Poledit are global, however, if the PC is
used by a number of people, you can restrict changes to just one profile by
logging on in that profile before you start.
Step one is to install the main Poledit files on your PC. Go
to Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel, select the Windows Setup tab and click
Have Disc. Use the Browse button to navigate to the folder on the CD-ROM
containing Poledit and select the file Poledit.inf. Click OK, select System
Policy Edit then Install. A new item called System Policy Editor will now appear
in Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools. By the way, the
Windows CD-ROM must be in the drive every time you run Poledit.
You can also run Poledit directly from the CD-ROM, providing
you don’t later restrict the use of the Run command! Go to Run on the Start menu
and use the Browse button to find your way to the Policy.exe file on the
When you run the Windows 95 version of Poledit for the first
time you will be prompted to open a file called ‘admin.adm’, click Open and the
main System Policy screen appears. On the Window 98 version you normally go
straight to the opening screen. Next go to the File menu and select Open
Registry then click on the Local User icon.
In Windows 95 you will see a set of sub-menus called Local
User Properties detailing the areas of Windows that you can control, in Windows
98 click on the item Windows 98 System and a similar set of options should
appear, though it will exclude the ‘Network’ controls, which are dealt with
separately. The four items we are interested in, and common to both versions of
Poledit, are called Shell, Control Panel, Desktop Display and Restrictions;
we’ll look at each one in turn (in the order that they appear in the Windows 98
version of Poledit).
Click on the plus sign next to Shell and two further sub
folders appear, Custom Folders and Restrictions. Click the plus sign again and
the items you can control appear, with a checkbox alongside each one. There not
much to interest the average user in Custom Folders, it’s mostly concerned with
changing the default locations of programs, so we’ll move swiftly on to
Restrictions. This contains a set of options to remove or hide Windows user
interface features. The ones most users with a shared PC might want to check
are: ‘Remove Run Command’,
‘Remove Folders from Settings on
Start menu’, ‘Hide Drives in My Computer’ and ‘Don’t Save Settings on Exit’.
Most of the others are either concerned with network features or fairly extreme
things, like disabling Shut Down or hiding all of the icons on the desktop.
On now to Control Panel, which opens with four or five
options, depending on the version of Poledit. They are: Display, Network,
Passwords, Printer and System. Clicking each item brings up a further set of
options in the window below. In my opinion it’s worth checking everything in
Display and System since these are the things that can cause the most problems
through accidental and deliberate tampering. The restrictions you impose in
Network, Password and Printers will depend on what type of setup you have and
who uses the PC.
The next item is Desktop and there are just two restrictions
here that allow you to fix the wallpaper and colour scheme. Users can still make
changes but they will be reset to your defaults when the machine is restarted.
Finally Restrictions. This set of options prevents Registry
editing tools being used (including Poledit – so definitely leave this one
alone!), stops DOS programs running in a DOS window or restarting the PC in DOS
mode and lets you specify which programs are allowed to be used on your PC. It’s
worth disabling the DOS options especially if the PC is under threat from
knowledgeable users. Imposing restrictions on which programs may be used is
actually quite difficult to use since you have to specify the full path for each
program and this can be quite a chore, it’s easier to remove programs you won’t
allow, and disable the Run command or hide the drives.
After setting your restrictions exit Poledit and you will be
asked to confirm that you want to make changes to the Registry, click OK. Some
of them will occur immediately, others will take place the next time the PC is
Next week – Windows Millennium Edition
The location of a file or program on a hard disc, e.g. to
specify the file that starts Microsoft Word the path might be: C:\Program
A large, constantly changing file in Windows 95, 98 and 2000
containing details of how your PC is set up, and all the programs stored on the
A self-installing file that automatically replaces a corrupt
or faulty Registry
Here’s a quick one for people who use Outlook Express to
collect their email when away from home, on other people’s PCs, Internet Café
PCs or laptops. By default OE downloads messages from the server to the PC,
which can be awkward if it’s not your machine. To stop that happening go to
Tools and then Accounts, highlight the account you’re using and select
Properties. Click on the Advanced tab and check the item "Leave a copy of
message on server". Now you can read your messages when you are away, and when
you get home you can download them onto your main PC